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Investigation of the Impact of Building Shape, Height, and Mutual Position on the Efficiency of External Ventilation and Air Quality

Investigation of the Impact of Building Shape, Height, and Mutual Position on the Efficiency of External Ventilation and Air Quality

Prof. Dr. Muhamed Hadžiabdić and his team are currently engaged in implementing the project "Investigating the Impact of Building Shape, Height, and Mutual Position on the Efficiency of External Ventilation and Air Quality," supported by the Ministry of Science, Higher Education, and Youth of Canton Sarajevo.

The project aims to explore the influence of building shape, height, and their mutual arrangement on the efficiency of external ventilation and consequently on air quality. The research focuses on understanding the dynamics of air movement in real-life conditions around buildings and the impact that different building shapes and heights have on ventilation at micro and local scales. The project is being conducted in collaboration with experts from the Development Planning Institute of the Canton Sarajevo.

The research utilizes computational fluid dynamics (CFD) with specialized software code and advanced airflow and turbulence models. The investigation will address the following questions:

  • How do building shape and height affect the efficiency of external ventilation on micro (up to 100 meters) and local (up to 1000 meters) scales?
  • What is the correlation between building shape and height and the size of the weak ventilation zone in the outdoor environment?
  • How does the mutual position of buildings affect the quality of external ventilation on micro and local scales?
  • What construction guidelines in the Sarajevo valley would be most suitable in terms of external ventilation?

This research can provide valuable recommendations and guidelines for construction in Canton Sarajevo, based on scientific evidence, aimed at minimizing the negative impact on outdoor ventilation in urban areas. In this way, it contributes to improving the quality of life for citizens through better management of buildings and their impact on the environment.

We extend our gratitude to the Ministry of Science, Higher Education, and Youth of the Canton Sarajevo for recognizing the significance of this project and providing support.

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